Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP)
Connecticut imposes extra restrictions on abortion providers, despite the fact that all health-care providers already must comply with a variety of federal and state regulations governing health, safety, building and fire codes, and zoning requirements.
Restrictions on Where Abortion Services May Be ProvidedConnecticut places medically unnecessary restrictions on where abortion services may be provided.
The state, without reference to medical necessity, requires outpatient clinics that are operated by corporations or municipalities and that provide abortion services (at any stage of pregnancy) to have a standard operating room. Conn. Agencies Regs. §19-13-D54(d)(9).
Clinics must hire counselors who have or who are supervised by a person with a graduate degree or training in social work, psychology, counseling, nursing, or ministry. Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 19a-116 (Enacted 1979; Last Amended 1995); Conn. Agencies Regs. § 19a-116-1(d).
Among the most common TRAP regulations are those restricting the provision of abortion services to hospitals or other specialized facilities, which require doctors to obtain medically unnecessary additional licenses, needlessly convert their practices to mini-hospitals at great expense, or provide abortion services only in hospitals, an impossibility in many parts of the country.
Connecticut requires that all abortions after the second trimester be provided in a hospital. Conn. Agencies Regs. § 19-13-D54(c).
Restrictions on Who May Provide Abortion ServicesConnecticut prohibits certain qualified health-care professionals from providing abortion services.
Only a physician licensed to practice medicine and surgery in the state may provide abortion services. Conn. Agencies Regs. § 19-13-D54(a) (Enacted 1974; Last Amended 2005). The Connecticut attorney general has issued an opinion concluding that this regulation applies only to surgical abortion and that advanced practice registered nurses, licensed nurse-midwives, and physician's assistants who are licensed in Connecticut may, in accordance with the statutory requirements and conditions governing their practices, provide mifepristone in a licensed clinic as long as they are acting under the supervision of a physician who is a "qualified physician," as defined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Conn. Op. Att'y Gen. No. 2001-003 (Feb. 7, 2001). The Connecticut attorney general has also issued an opinion stating that, under Connecticut law, such clinicians may prescribe mifepristone. Conn. Op. Att'y Gen. No. 2001-015 (July 2, 2001).