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Freedom of Choice Acts (FOCA)

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Supreme Court will Hear Case on Abortion Restrictions

The Supreme Court announced that it will take up a once-in-a-generation case on abortion access. Say you'll stand on the side of reproductive freedom as this case heads to the highest court in the land.

Stand with Planned Parenthood

Anti-choice members of Congress are already preparing legislation to try to use these phony videos to justify a wave of new attacks on reproductive freedom. Planned Parenthood needs to know we’ve got their back.

Featured Efforts

Supreme Court Case: Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt

The U.S. Supreme Court is about to hear a case that could redefine abortion access for decades to come. The case, known as Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt, is a challenge to Texas' notorious TRAP law, H.B.2. Learn More »

What are Freedom of Choice Acts, and why do states need to codify Roe's protections?

In Roe v. Wade, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution guarantees a woman’s right to choose. However, in subsequent decisions the Supreme Court sharply limited some of Roe’s protections and could someday eliminate them entirely.

A Freedom of Choice Act (FOCA) helps ensure that a woman’s right to choose is preserved by making Roe’s protections a permanent part of state or federal law. Women in states with FOCAs—or women nationwide if Congress were to pass a federal version—would continue to have access to safe, legal abortion care, even if Roe is further eroded or overturned in the courts. However, if the Supreme Court overturned Roe without a FOCA in place, Congress would be able to pass legislation banning abortion nationwide, trumping state codifications of Roe’s protections.

Current State Measures

7 states have codified a woman's right to choose, making the protections of Roe v. Wade part of state law: CA, CT, HI, ME, MD, NV, WA.

  • 3 states enacted these measures by ballot initiative: MD, NV, WA.
View a map of all states with Freedom of Choice Acts (FOCA).

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